Hohensalzburg Castle sits atop the 'Festungsberg', a small hill in the Austrian city of Salzburg. Erected at the behest of the Prince-Archbishops of Salzburg with a length of 250 m and a width of 150 m, it is one of the largest medieval castles in Europe.
The fortress consists of various wings and courtyard. The Prince-Bishop's apartments are located in the so-called high floor. These include the Golden Hall, richly decorated which indicates that the fortress served the archbishops not only as a refuge in times of crisis, but frequently also as a residence, as well as the Golden Chamber, the most magnificently furnished room of the princely chambers.
Hohensalzburg Castle was refurbished from the late 19th century onwards and became a major tourist attraction with the Festungsbahn funicular railway, opened in 1892, leading up from the town to the Hasengrabenbastei. It stands today as one of the best preserved castles in Europe.
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